The Texas Baptist Historical Collection has historical information on more than 2,000 Texas Baptist churches as well as the minutes of over 300 churches. The holdings also include the most extensive set of Texas Baptist associational minutes available.

The Collection contains numerous state convention annuals, Texas Baptist newspapers, state missionary files, and photographs documenting the history of Baptists in Texas. The personal papers of many Texas Baptist ministers and missionaries including George W. Truett, B. H. Carroll, J. M. Carroll, L. R. Scarborough, D. D. Tidwell, Marshall Craig, William and Anne Bagby, and R. Earl Allen are also housed within the Collection. Records and material pertaining to the BGCT, its agencies, and institutions are located in the Collection as well.